2D materials offer unique stretching properties

Most materials, an elastic band gets thinner when it is stretched. But some materials behave in the opposite way—they grow thicker when stretched and thinner when compressed. These counterintuitive substances, known as auxetic materials, tend to have a high resistance to shear or fracture and are used in applications such as medical implants and sensors. But typically, this auxetic effect is only seen when the … Continue reading 2D materials offer unique stretching properties

Shared heritability of human face and brain shape

This study tells about the Evidence from model organisms and clinical genetics suggests coordination between the developing brain and face, but the role of this link in common genetic variation remains unknown. We performed a multivariate genome-wide association study of cortical surface morphology in 19,644 individuals of European ancestry, identifying 472 genomic loci influencing brain shape, of which 76 are also linked to face shape. Shared … Continue reading Shared heritability of human face and brain shape

CpG-adjuvanted stable prefusion SARS-CoV-2

The COVID-19 pandemic presents an unprecedented challenge to global public health. Rapid development and deployment of safe and effective vaccines are imperative to control the pandemic. In the current study, we applied our adjuvanted stable prefusion SARS-CoV-2 spike (S-2P)-based vaccine, MVC-COV1901, to hamster models to demonstrate immunogenicity and protection from virus challenge. Golden Syrian hamsters immunized intramuscularly with two injections of 1 µg or 5 µg of … Continue reading CpG-adjuvanted stable prefusion SARS-CoV-2

Characterization of respiratory microbial dysbiosis

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a global pandemic of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the microbial composition of the respiratory tract and other infected tissues as well as their possible pathogenic contributions to varying degrees of disease severity in COVID-19 patients remain unclear. Between 27 January and 26 February 2020, serial clinical specimens (sputum, nasal and throat swab, anal swab and … Continue reading Characterization of respiratory microbial dysbiosis

CSIR Young Scientist Award 2020

The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research introduced, in 1987, a scheme of awards for Young Scientists in the CSIR system in order to promote excellence in various fields of science and technology. The awards are known as “CSIR Young Scientist Awards”. CSIR scientist, below 35 years of age, as reckoned on 26 September (CSIR Foundation Day) of the preceding year, is eligible for the … Continue reading CSIR Young Scientist Award 2020

The impact of indole-3-lactic acid on immature intestinal innate immunity

An excessive intestinal inflammatory response may have a role in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm infants. Indole-3-lactic acid (ILA) of breastmilk tryptophan was identified as the anti-inflammatory metabolite involved in probiotic conditioned media from Bifidobacteria longum subsp infantis. This study aimed to explore the molecular endocytic pathways involved in the protective ILA effect against inflammation. H4 cells, Caco-2 cells, C57BL/6 pup … Continue reading The impact of indole-3-lactic acid on immature intestinal innate immunity

DST India sets up joint science communication forum

Joint Science Communication Forum in a view to facilitate interaction, cooperation, and coordination amongst various public sector science communication institutions and agencies is initiated via The Department of Science & Technology (DST). The Forum brings together science communication efforts spread across various institutions and can help adoption of a common policy and best practices at a wider scale, ultimately aiming towards a national science communication framework. … Continue reading DST India sets up joint science communication forum

प्राचीन भारत में वैज्ञानिक दृष्टि

विज्ञान की विस्मयकारी प्रगति विश्व-भर के कर्मठ वैज्ञानिकों के सामूहिक प्रयास का प्रतिफल है। यह सर्वविदित है कि विज्ञान की दृष्टि से प्राचीन भारत की उपलब्धियां विस्मयकारी थीं। परन्तु ऐसा देखा गया है कि वर्तमान में जब भी प्राचीन भारतीय विज्ञान की चर्चा होती है, तो भारतीय जनमानस दो गुटों में विभाजित हो जाते हैं। एक गुट के अनुसार हमारे पूर्वजों ने प्राचीन काल में … Continue reading प्राचीन भारत में वैज्ञानिक दृष्टि

Deforestation brought on decreased precipitation in Ganga Basin, NE India

Deforestation brought on decreased precipitation in Ganga Basin, NE India | 08/24/2016 Using satellite data and regional climate models, IIT Bombay researchers have found that deforestation (converting woody savannah to crop land) in northeast India and north-central India has led to a 100-200 mm reduction in summer monsoon rainfall in these two regions. The land use information is based on satellite data for two time … Continue reading Deforestation brought on decreased precipitation in Ganga Basin, NE India

Neonic’ bug sprays awful news for honey bees: study

Neonic’ bug sprays awful news for honey bees: study | 08/18/2016  A widely-used class of insecticides called neonicotinoids has contributed to the large-scale and long-term decline of wild bees, according to research unveiled Tuesday.A study covered 62 species from 1994 to 2011, examining the impact of exposure to the pesticide, which was used to treat oilseed rape crops in England. In five of the species, … Continue reading Neonic’ bug sprays awful news for honey bees: study