Spatiotemporal proteomic profiling of the pro-inflammatory response

Protein localisation and translocation between intracellular compartments underlie almost all physiological processes. The hyperLOPIT proteomics platform combines mass spectrometry with state-of-the-art machine learning to map the subcellular location of thousands of proteins simultaneously. We combine global proteome analysis with hyperLOPIT in a fully Bayesian framework to elucidate spatiotemporal proteomic changes during a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response. We report a highly dynamic proteome in terms of … Continue reading Spatiotemporal proteomic profiling of the pro-inflammatory response

Y chromosome plays vital role in evolution

A study conducted by the CSIR-CCMB has given fresh insights into the role played by the Y chromosome in the DNA. The study done by a team of researchers headed by Professor Rachel Jesudasan, Advisor (Research) at the Department Genetics of Osmania University, throws light on novel regulatory functions of the Y chromosome. Published in BMC Biology, the research suggests that beyond determining the gender … Continue reading Y chromosome plays vital role in evolution

Importance of crop phenological stages

During the last decades, the incorporation of beneficial microorganisms in agriculture crop management has become a common practice. Seed coating of these microorganisms still faces technical issues, which limit its implementation in conventional agriculture. An adaption to widely established agricultural practices, e.g. fertigation, could help to overcome these issues. Here, using Bacillus velezensis strain BBC047, we show the influence of the crop phenological stages on the efficiency … Continue reading Importance of crop phenological stages

Chromosome-level genome assemblies of five Prunus species

Prunus species include many important perennial fruit crops, such as peach, plum, apricot, and related wild species. Here, we report de novogenome assemblies for five species, including the cultivated species peach (Prunus persica), plum (Prunus salicina), and apricot (Prunus armeniaca), and the wild peach species Tibetan peach (Prunus mira) and Chinese wild peach (Prunus davidiana). The genomes ranged from 240 to 276 Mb in size, with contig N50 … Continue reading Chromosome-level genome assemblies of five Prunus species

Molecular mechanisms of inhibiting glucosyltransferases

Glucosyltransferases (Gtfs) play critical roles in the etiology and pathogenesis of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans)- mediated dental caries including early childhood caries. Gtfs enhance the biofilm formation and promotes colonization of cariogenic bacteria by generating biofilm extracellular polysaccharides (EPSs), the key virulence property in the cariogenic process. Therefore, Gtfs have become an appealing target for effective therapeutic interventions that inhibit cariogenic biofilms. Importantly, targeting Gtfs selectively impairs … Continue reading Molecular mechanisms of inhibiting glucosyltransferases

Isolation and characterization of a lytic bacteriophage

In recent years, the use of bacteriophages (or ‘phages’) against multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria including Pseudomonas aeruginosa has drawn considerable attention, globally. In this work, we report the isolation and detailed characterization of a highly lytic Pseudomonasphage DRL-P1 isolated from wastewater. Under TEM, DRL-P1 appeared as a member of the phage family Myoviridae. DRL-P1 featured rapid adsorption (~ 5 min), short-latency (~ 30 min), and large burst size (~ 100 PFU per infected cell). … Continue reading Isolation and characterization of a lytic bacteriophage

Inhibition of DNMT-1 alleviates ferroptosis through NCOA4

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether inhibition of DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 1 (DNMT-1) alleviated ferroptosis through nuclear receptor coactivator 4 (NCOA4)-mediated ferritinophagy during diabetes myocardial (DM) ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury (IRI). Rat DM + sham (DS), I/R, and DM + I/R (DIR), H9c2 cell high glucose (HG), hypoxia reoxygenation (H/R), and high-glucose hypoxia reoxygenation (HH/R) models were established. DNMT-1 inhibitor 5-Aza-2’-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR) was administered to rat and cell … Continue reading Inhibition of DNMT-1 alleviates ferroptosis through NCOA4

Reverted exhaustion phenotype of circulating lymphocytes

While classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is highly susceptible to anti-programmed death protein 1 (PD1) antibodies, the exact modes of action remain controversial. To elucidate the circulating lymphocyte phenotype and systemic effects during anti-PD1 1st-line HL treatment we applied multicolor flow cytometry, FluoroSpot and NanoString to sequential samples of 81 HL patients from the NIVAHL trial (NCT03004833) compared to healthy controls. HL patients showed a decreased … Continue reading Reverted exhaustion phenotype of circulating lymphocytes

High-throughput RNA sequencing of paraformaldehyde-fixed single cells

Single-cell transcriptomic studies that require intracellular protein staining, rare cell sorting, or inactivation of infectious pathogens are severely limited. This is because current high-throughput single-cell RNA sequencing methods are either incompatible with or necessitate laborious sample preprocessing for paraformaldehyde treatment, a common tissue and cell fixation and preservation technique. Here we present FD-seq (Fixed Droplet RNA sequencing), a high-throughput method for droplet-based RNA sequencing of … Continue reading High-throughput RNA sequencing of paraformaldehyde-fixed single cells

Molecular basis for PICS-mediated piRNA biogenesis and cell division

By incorporating two mutually exclusive factors, PID-1 and TOST-1, C. elegans PICS complex plays important roles in piRNA biogenesis, chromosome segregation and cell division. We firstly map the interaction network between PICS subunits, then uncover the mechanisms underlying the interactions between PICS subunits by solving several complex structures, including those of TOFU-6/PICS-1, ERH-2/PICS-1, and ERH-2/TOST-1. Our biochemical experiment also demonstrates that PICS exists as an octamer consisting … Continue reading Molecular basis for PICS-mediated piRNA biogenesis and cell division