Understanding the fate of heterogenous herbicide resistant weed populations in response to management practices can help towards overcoming the resistance issues. We selected one pair of susceptible (S) and resistant (R) phenotypes (2B21-R vs 2B21-S and 2B37-R vs 2B37-S) separately from two glyphosate resistant heterogeneous populations (2B21 and 2B37) of Echinochloa colona and their fate and adaptive plasticity were evaluated after glyphosate application. Our study revealed the glyphosate concentration required to cause a 50% plant mortality (LD50) was 1187, 200, 3064, and 192 g a. e. ha−1 for the four phenotypes 2B21-R, 2B21-S, 2B37-R, and 2B37-S respectively. Both S phenotypes accumulated more biomass than the R phenotypes at the lower application rates (34 and 67.5 g a. e. ha−1) of glyphosate. However, the R phenotypes generally produced more biomass at rates of glyphosate higher than 100 g a. e. ha−1 throughout the growth period. Plants from the R phenotypes of 2B21 and 2B37 generated 32% and 38% fewer spikesplant−1 than their respective S counterparts in the absence of glyphosate respectively.
Fig: Plant survival (%) as a function of increasing glyphosate rates in glyphosate -susceptible (S) and -resistant (R) phenotypes derived from the two heterogeneous populations (2B21 and 2B37). The vertical bar represents the LSD p < 0.05 value for differences between phenotypes.
The spike and seed numbersplant-1 significantly higher in R than S phenotypes at increased rates of glyphosate and these relationships were significant. Our research suggests that glyphosate-resistant E. colona plants will be less fit than susceptible plants (from the same population) in the absence of glyphosate. But in the presence of glyphosate, the R plants may eventually dominate in the field. The use of glyphosate is widespread in field, would favour the selection towards resistant individuals.
Asaduzzaman, M., Koetz, E., Wu, H. et al. Fate and adaptive plasticity of heterogeneous resistant population of Echinochloa colona in response to glyphosate. Sci Rep 11, 14858 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-94370-7