CSIR-CMERI has developed the world’s largest Solar Tree, installed at the CSIR-CMERI Residential Colony in Durgapur. Prof. Harish Hirani, Director, CSIR-CMERI, while elaborating about the technology stated that “The installed capacity of the Solar Tree is above 11.5 kWp. It has the annual capacity to generate 12,000-14,000 units of Clean and Green Power.”
The Solar Tree has been designed in a manner to ensure maximum exposure of each Solar PV Panel to sunlight and also the creation of the least amount of shadow area beneath. There are a total of 35 Solar PV Panels in each tree with a capacity of 330 wp each. The inclination of the arms holding the Solar PV Panels is flexible and can be adjusted as per requirement. This feature is not available in Roof-Mounted Solar facilities. The energy generation data can be monitored either real-time or on a daily basis.
Prof. Harish Hirani explained, “The CSIR-CMERI developed Solar Tree besides being the world’s largest Solar Tree also has certain customizable features for application at diverse sites. The Solar Trees were designed in a manner to ensure minimum Shadow Area, thus potentially making these Solar Trees available for widespread usage in Agricultural activities such as High Capacity Pumps, e-Tractors and e-Power Tillers.
The Solar Trees can be aligned with agriculture for substituting price-volatile fossil fuels. Each Solar Tree has the potential to save 10-12 tons of CO2 emissions being released into the atmosphere as greenhouse gases when compared with fossil fuel-fired energy generation. Besides, the surplus generated power can be fed into an energy grid. The agricultural model can provide a consistent economic return and help the farmers counter the effects of the uncertain variations in agriculture-related activities.
Each Solar Tree will cost Rs 7.5 lakhs. Interested MSMEs can align their business model with the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM) Scheme for farmers, for developing a Renewable Energy based energy grid.
The solar tree has the capability to incorporate IOT based features, i.e. round-the-clock CCTV surveillance in agricultural fields, real-time humidity, wind speed, rainfall prediction and soil analytics sensors. The CSIR-CMERI developed solar-powered e-Suvidha Kiosks may also be connected to the Solar Trees for real-time access to the vast majority of the agricultural database as well as to the eNAM i.e. National Agricultural Market Place, for instant and real-time access to a unified online market.