In this study resercher studied about Photodynamic therapy (PDT). It is an emerging technology for tumor treatment in which photosensitizer (PS)-mediated light irradiation reduces oxygen, producing high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can cause vascular injury and effectively kill tumor cells. However, the naturally hypoxic tumor microenvironment is the main obstacle that hinders the photodynamic response in vivo and prevents its extensive application to tumor treatment. Moreover, PDT-mediated oxygen consumption further increases tumor hypoxia, potentially causing a variety of adverse consequences, such as angiogenesis, tumor invasion, and metastasis. To overcome these limitations caused by hypoxia, multiple strategies have been investigated, including the use of oxygen carriers and reactive oxygen supply materials, the regulation of tumor microenvironments, and multimodal therapy including PDT.
Fig: A Jablonski diagram illustrating the mechanism of photosensitization processes.
In this review, we summarize the latest progress in the development of strategies to relieve tumor hypoxia for improved PDT efficacy and better therapeutic effects.
Shen, Z., Ma, Q., Zhou, X. et al. Strategies to improve photodynamic therapy efficacy by relieving the tumor hypoxia environment. NPG Asia Mater 13, 39 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41427-021-00303-1