This study is about Bioactive glasses (BGs) have attracted added attention in the structure of the scaffolds for bone repair applications. Different metal ions could be doped in BGs to induce specific biological responses. Among these ions, strontium (Sr) is considered as an effective and safe doping element with promising effects on bone formation and regeneration. In this experiment, we evaluated the antibacterial activities of the gelatin-BG (Gel-BG) and Gel-BG/Sr scaffolds in vitro. The osteogenic properties of the prepared scaffolds were also assessed in rabbit calvarial bone defects for 12 weeks. Both scaffolds showed in vivo bone formation during 12 weeks with the newly formed bone area in Gel-BG/Sr scaffold was higher than that in Gel-BG scaffolds after the whole period. Based on the histological results, Gel-BG/Sr exhibited acceleration of early-stage bone formation in vivo. The results of antibacterial investigation for both scaffolds showed complete growth inhibition against Escherichia coli (E. coli). Although Gel-BG revealed no antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), the Gel-BG/Sr was able to partially inhibit the growth of S. aureus, as detected by threefold reduction in growth index.
Fig: SEM images of the prepared scaffolds with different magnifications: Gel-BG (a,b), Gel-BG/Sr (c,d).
Our results confirmed that Sr doped BG is a favorable candidate for bone tissue engineering with superior antibacterial activity and bone regeneration capacity compared with similar counterparts having no Sr ion.
Baheiraei, N., Eyni, H., Bakhshi, B. et al. Effects of strontium ions with potential antibacterial activity on in vivo bone regeneration. Sci Rep11, 8745 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-88058-1